Types of skin

Each one of us has got a specific type of skin and according to the type we decide which cosmetic products we use for the facial treatment.

It lacks moisture so secretion of sebum and sweat is minimal. The skin is very thin, it does not shine, and pores are invisible so there is bigger possibility of faster appearance of wrinkles. At this type of skin, hypersensitivity to temperature changes often occurs.

This type of skin has normal circulation and controlled secretion of sebum. The pores are very small, but nevertheless it keeps all the necessary natural moisture, vitamins and minerals. It has got extremely velvety look and softness.

The characteristic of this type is increased secretion of sebum on the T-zone, such as forehead, nose and chin, as well as a part of a cheek, while on the other parts of the face, the secretion is reduced.

The skin has got the characteristics of enhanced work of the sebaceous glands. This skin is thick, greyish colour and with quite enlarged pores. It tends to create aesthetic defects such as blackheads and acne.

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Facial treatments

Kompletan tretman lica

Medical facial cleansing consists of vapourising of the face in order to soften it, to enlarge the pores so the mechanical face cleansing would be as painless as possible. After the mechanical squeezing, facial peeling is made in order to remove all the impurities from the surface of the skin and then it is deeply disinfected with high frequency current to avoid any inflammation after the treatment. Then, the mask is put on, which corresponds to the type of the skin and it is left on the face for 15-20 minutes. The mask is removed in order to massage the face, neck and décollete by special products adjusted to all skin types just to stimulate the circulation. The facial massage lasts 30 minutes. When the massage is done, eyebrows are corrected and the whole treatment is finished by applying cream on the face.

Facial cleansing means physical removal of blackheads and acne. Vappourising is necessary in order to soften the skin and enlarge pores so the skin could be easier cleaned. After the cleansing, peeling is done and mask is applied in order to soothe the skin. This treatment should be done every month and after each treatment it is necessary, after a few days, to come for control in order to check how the skin has reacted to the cleansing treatment.

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This is extremely successful and mild treatment which makes the skin on the face and body rejuvenated and regenerated. In order to achieve the real results it is necessary to repeat the treatment several times. In the diamond microdermabrasion the real diamond heads, with addition of vacuum, are used and they very efficiently peel off the surface layer of the skin and immediately suck in the peeled cells. The treatment can be done throughout the whole year, but during the summer period it is necessary to apply cream with high sun protection factor. After the microdermabrasion the skin is smoother without rough and visible pores, it is fresher, with healthier texture and with increased elasticity. After the diamond microdermabrasion we make ultrasound facial cleansing by a spatula which by ultrasound takes out impurities of the skin, and after that we treat the face by a warm-cold “hammer” in order to calm down the facial skin and to stimulate circulation. The forth part of the treatment are galvanic currents by which we inject into deeper layers of skin, the product which has been applied on the skin. To finish with, we apply on the face, neck and décollete, warm ultrasound in order to nourish the surface of skin, tighten it and rejuvenate it.

Procedure of microdermabrasion

Radiovalovi

Radio-waves are used for tightening of face and body, by a method where the radio-waves produce heat energy. During the treatment, collagen fibres are heated and then they shrink and the effect of this is tightening of skin and wrinkles. The input of heat speeds up the methabolism of cells which produce collagen. Also, radiofrequency has a good effect on removal of fat deposits, cellulite and improves the skin tonus. The facial treatment is used for rejuvenation, regeneration of damaged skin and reducing the wrinkles. The result can be seen already after the first treatment. As far as the body is concerned it is used, apart for thightening of skin, for fat melting. The treatment is not recommended to pregnant women and people with varicose veins and capillaries.

Duration of the treatment is according to agreement with a professional (depends on skin condition)

Infrared Thermal Treatment

Helps lose weight, firms up skin and cellulite, relaxes sore and tired muscles, arms and legs and helps detoxify the body. During treatment, your sweat glands expel harmful substances from your body, burning of up to 600 calories per treatment. IRT mimics a sauna, as well as reduces fatigue and slows down the growth of cancerous cells.

Vacuum treatment

Using a suction-creating applicator, a circular fold is formed on the skin, which increases elasticity of the connective tissue and expanding of the capillaries. This draws the cellulite closer to the skin surface and speeds up overall circulation in the treated area, which improves blood circulation and oxygen saturation. Increased elasticity of the connective tissue improves circulation of lymph which, in turn, reduces water retention and eliminates harmful substances from the body. This treatment improves the forming of collagen and reduces the levels of fat in the body. The result is a sculpted body and smooth skin.

  • – Acne removal treatment
  • – Tightening, collagen renewal, skin rejuvenation
  • – Anti-aging treatment, smoothing of fine wrinkles
  • – Micro Circulation and pigmented spot removal
  • – Accelerated rejuvenation of scar tissue
  • – Accelerated post- surgery and post-laser treatment

 

Rejuvenate LED Mask, based on the photo-dynamic therapy is a majestic scientific and technological invention that uses the impact of light energy to treat and pamper skin. A world- renowned innovation, which is a hi-tech specialized facial treatment. It uses light therapy, is harmless and does not damage the skin.

The energy of light is transferred to the skin cells, accelerates skin renewal process, stimulates fibro blast which renews collagen, rejuvenates the skin, reduces acne, pigmented spots, smooths wrinkles and reduces sun damage. Rejuvenate LED Mask achieves excellent results while the treatment is completely harmless and pleasant.

Light wavelength of 630 nm – red light

It produces perfect face-lifting results, stimulates collagen production, improves facial circulation. It is recommended as a post-treatment after laser and IPL treatment and surgeries, as it accelerates skin recovery after procedures and healing of wounds. The frequency of pure red light penetrates deep layers of dermis, quickens cell metabolism, microcirculation, improves cell renewal and collagen. It also impacts the removal of dead skin cells, stimulates secretion of fibroblast, which is a regenerative factor, by renewing damaged skin; it removes fine lines and improves skin elasticity. It is possible to use the product as a mask, for a quick and effective absorption and better penetration of active substances. Treatment duration is 15 minutes. For best results, it is recommended to have 5-10 sessions.

IPL – Intense Pulsed Light Laser

SHR is short for Super Hair Removal, a technology of permanent hair removal with excellent results. The method is exclusive because each area with hair is treated approximately 10 times, when compared to other lasers who only treat it once. The treatment time is shorter because of the power of the impact (Classic IPL has 1 impact per second, while SHR has 6-10 per second), therefore, less treatment sessions are needed. During the treatment dermis is gradually heated in a controlled way, accumulating a temperature of approximately 45 degrees Celsius. This targeted heat damages hair follicles and prevents their future growth.

The method is pain-free and safe, with no risk to damage surrounding tissue. Complications (such as burns, scarring, pigmentation) are almost unheard of, due to cooling of the skin and individually targeted program based on skin type. The treatments are applicable on skin suntanned during summer and there is no redness after treatment. SHR rejuvenates the skin during treatment, as well as promotes the healing of scars due to ingrown hair.

IPL and SHR systems combine bipolar radio frequency to rejuvenate the skin in the treated area and improve the healing of scars caused by ingrown hairs. Before the treatment the hair must be shaved. If the clients do not want to shave facial hair, they are trimmed. The first two treatments have to be within a month, and then four more consecutive treatments, once a month.

It is recommended to shave hair regularly, 2-3 weeks before the treatment, but it is not mandatory. On the chin and upper lip, the hair can be trimmed using scissors if shaving is problematic. It could be done a day before or on the day of the treatment. The hair can be 1-2 mm above the skin. Between the treatment it is recommended to shave the hair regularly to make them stronger. Shaving improves treatment success and reduces the number of treatments needed. Waxing or tweezing hair increases irritation and pigmentation of the skin and is not recommended, as well as bleaching of the hair which produces poor results. It is not necessary to avoid sun tanning before or after the treatment, because tanned skin can undergo the treatment without fear. Treatments are easily done in summer. Before the treatment, do not use skin care products or perfumes.

The hair cannot be removed permanently, but the thickness of hair is permanently reduced. During treatment only mature hair can be destroyed, while gray hair cannot be removed. The hair that has been destroyed cannot grow again. If the hair grows after the treatment, it is only an undeveloped hair that couldn’t have been affected by initial treatment. These hairs are maturing affected by hormones and other factors: diet, stress, genetics… Undeveloped hair make only a small percentage of overall hair growth. Their removal, after maturation, means a complete and permanent hair removal.

Hair grows from special parent cells found in the hair root. Only the eradication of these parent cells in the root can prevent the growth of hair. There are two different kind of hair: Vellus and Terminal hair. Vellus hair is thin, fine and blond hair, that we have at birth. The total number of hair we have is determined at birth and cannot be changed. The hair that grows after treatment is immature hair that matures throughout the growth cycle, but it is not a new growth. Shaving does not increase the total number of hairs, but makes them stronger and speeds up their maturation.

Throughout life, affected by sex hormones and other factors, vellus hair mature into terminal hair that is thicker and darker in color. The color of the hair is affected by the pigment called melamine, which is targeted by the IPL treatment. There are two kinds of pigment that give the hair its color: eumelanin and pheomelanin. If the hair contains more pheomelanin, in persons with blond or red hair, the results of hair removal are poor as this type of pigment does not absorb laser beam. If the hair contains more eumelanin, the results are excellent as it absorbs laser beams very well.

The number and size of hairs is affected by numerous factors: race, genetics, age, climate, skin color… In Mediterranean region people typically have darker and coarser hair, whereas in the Northern areas they have lighter and finer hair. In some families, hair is more prominent, for example in women with darker complexion, without a hormonal disorder, based on genetics.

Hair grows in three stages: anagen, catagen, and telogen phase. They mature and travel to the surface of the skin independently from one another, at various agility. Only during pregnancy, they grow in the same stages, and hair on the head is at its best, but after delivery, the hair becomes thinner again.

In the anagen phase, hair grows, and only in this stage it can be destroyed because it contains enough pigment for its root to be killed. The pigment absorbs optical energy from IPL ray, there fore the more pigment is found, the better absorption of energy is present, that kills the parent cells. Light and gray hair have no pigment and cannot be destroyed. In the other stages, the amount of pigment is insufficient and not enough energy is being released to eradicate the root of the hair.

The length of the anagen phase varies, depending on the hair location and the quantity of hair that reached the anagen phase. Therefore, the period between the treatment and successful removal rate are affected by the location of treatment on the body. Only shaving increases the quantity of hair that reaches the anagen phase.

The catagen phase is the beginning of hair’s decline. Pigment quantity is reduced and parent cells are not making hairs. Hair starts to separate from its root and travels towards skin surface. Telogen phase is the end phase of hair growth, where the old hair is expelled outwards and begins the new growth cycle. During this stage, the hair is completely detached from its root and has a minimal amount of pigment.

IPL treatment targets the melanin in dermis and epidermis layers of skin. It uses selective photo thermolysis. The light which is sent onto individual spots produces heat that damages and removes the spots.

Hyperpigmentation is a common problem that affects about 50% of women and 20% of men older than 50 years. Even though it commonly occurs middle age to later in life, it can occur in younger population.

Hyperpigmentation causes certain areas of skin to become darker. It is usually a harmless problem that is caused by over-production of melanin. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by genetics, environmental factors or UV rays. Mostly it is caused buy sun tanning without protection. It is recommended to have 3-6 treatments in a two-week period.

The acne found on face, cleavage and back are often produced by an imbalance in the body. Infected acne is not susceptible to classic treatments which do not produce permanent results. Many dermatological products cause excessive drying of the skin which results in dehydrated skin with sub-cutaneous acne and their scars.

IPL SHR treatment kills the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes and at the same time rejuvenates the skin with bipolar radio frequency. The effect is reduced infection, acne and scars disappear, and completely renewed skin.

3-6 treatment are needed in the period of 10 days.

The accumulation of harmful effects of sun exposure leaves skin visibly dehydrated, creates fine wrinkles, pigmentation and expanded capillaries. These changes are most visible after summer, when it is time to give the skin its glow and prevent further damage.

Laser photo rejuvenation is a painless and non-invasive procedure to remove these changes on the skin. Photo rejuvenation is recommended in 5-10 treatments in the period of 2 weeks.

Capillaries are a common esthetic problem for both women and men. The growth of capillaries is caused by genetics, estrogen, pregnancy, exposure to sun… The biggest revolution in capillaries removal was caused using IPL SHR. It removes the capillaries using light while the surrounding tissues are kept intact. Hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells, absorbs the light energy, thus releasing energy that destroys capillaries. Once destroyed, the capillaries are not re-growing, but it is possible that new capillaries can grow. The IPL SHR treatment for capillaries is recommended to repeat 3-5 times in the period of 2 weeks.